What Is A Root Canal? 

Has the dentist told you that you need a root canal or are you just curious? Whatever the case, just keep in mind that a root canal is an extensive procedure. However, what exactly is a root canal?  

A root canal is a dental procedure that helps save your tooth by repairing it. If you have a tooth that has been infected or is on the verge of complete decay- a root canal might be the best treatment for you. When a tooth goes bad, it is mostly the pulp inside the tooth that gets affected. The nerves around the pulp are also the ones that get affected leaving the patient in immense pain. The nerve endings get damaged, therefore, intensifying the pain.

A tooth can also be damaged if you get multiple dental procedures on it repeatedly. The enamel of the tooth gets weak and the pulp gets damaged. There are also cases where many people have been in dire need of a root canal because they busted their teeth during an accident.

A root canal procedure includes the extraction of the pulp and the nerves from inside the tooth. Once that is done, the tooth is then cleaned and filled with filler to later seal. It is extremely important to get rid of the damaged pulp as this is where the bacteria are most active and can cause damage to the other teeth around. It can also cause excessive swelling, immense pain, and bone loss. This is why it becomes necessary to take out the pulp as well as the nerve endings.

Symptoms You Need A Root Canal

How do you know when you need a root canal? It is obvious that the dentist will tell you to, but before that, what are the symptoms that you need a root canal?

If you are having sensitivity in your tooth that gradually becomes unbearable, it is time that you go visit a doctor. The hypersensitivity is usually a response to the hot and cold food we consume as the nerve endings pick on to the intensity. You may also feel great pain when you bite into something or chow down on your food.

In most cases, patients also face swelling in their gums because of the decayed tooth. This swelling is often very visible and can cause discomfort. One more symptom of you needing a root canal is the decaying of gums. If you can see your gums going dark or decaying, get ready for an appointment with your dentist as you might be in desperate need of a root canal.

The Procedure                                                                         

Many people believe that the procedure of a root canal is harrowing. However, that is not the case. Since it is a routine procedure there is not much for you to worry about. An endodontist is a doctor who performs root canal surgery. They are specialists in the pulp and all the issues that concern it.

The procedure followed is as follows:


The dentists will first take an x-ray of your tooth to look at all the shapes of the root canal. This will help them identify if there are any infections in the area.


To prepare for the procedure, you will first be given local anesthesia to numb your mouth. Then they will keep a sheet of rubber in your mouth around the tooth to keep your mouth dry.


The procedure begins with first drilling a hole in your tooth. The hole is then used to extract the pulp along with nerve tissue.


Once the extraction is complete. The dentist will clean out your tooth using root canal files. Once the tooth is completely clean, it will be flushed with water or sodium hypochlorite to make sure there are no remnants.  


After the cleaning, your tooth is sealed. You can either get it sealed right away or wait for a week and get it sealed later. Meanwhile, the doctor can address any infections that you might have. During that time, you can get the infection treated. If that’s the case, the dentist will seal your teeth temporarily.


The inside of the tooth is now empty and doctors fill it out by adding a sealing paste. in addition to the seal paste, you also get Gutta Percha- a rubber compound filled in the hole.


Once your teeth are filled, you might have to get a crown on your tooth to make sure that it is completely restored.

After Care

Root canals usually do not need a lot of aftercare. Your mouth might be numb for the first few hours after the procedure. Other than that there are no serious after-care requirements. The tooth may have sensitivity for a few days, which is also because of inflammation. After getting the procedure just make sure that you maintain a healthy dental routine so that your teeth remain clean. Keep up with all your dentist appointments and they will make sure everything remains in check.

If you are planning on getting a root canal, make sure that you choose the best dentist from the best facility. Getting dental procedures done from just any place can do you harm instead of fixing your problem. Take your pick very smartly! Keep Smiling Michigan!