What Is Dental Bonding?
Bonding is a method designed for restoring teeth using modern composite resins without interfering with the tooth tissue. A composite similar to that used for filling carious cavities joins the enamel surface due to the strength of adhesion.
It is important to note that the aesthetics of reconstruction depends not only on the doctor’s experience, manual skills, and precision; the artistic taste of the dentist, his sense of beauty, the ability to design bonding in accordance with the harmony of the smile and the entire facial profile are equally significant.
The Dental Bonding Procedure:
Composite restorations are usually performed during a single visit to the dentist’s office. The procedure is a non-invasive method with little tooth preparation. Patient anesthesia is not necessary unless there is significant tooth sensitivity. At the very beginning, the dentist cleans the surface of the teeth to get rid of the plaque, then slightly reduces their front part. The prepared surface is then etched with acidic gel. Your doctor applies the resin (bonding agent) of an appropriate color, matching the natural color of your teeth. The applied material is irradiated with a dental curing lamp. The entire procedure lasts from thirty minutes to an hour.
Since the enamel is only gently etched before the procedure, it does not affect its structure, thanks to which the metamorphosis is 100% reversible.
Dental bonding can close gaps between teeth and reduce or eliminate diastema. The composite helps rebuild chippings and mask the cracks, discolorations, and enamel underdevelopment.
In the form of composite veneers, bonding creates new, more harmonious shapes of the teeth and can be used to design the so-called “Hollywood smile.” Patients often decide to use composites as a trial metamorphosis, and after four to six years, they gain courage and change bonding to porcelain veneers.
Pros and Cons of Bonding Procedure
Bonding, like any other cosmetic method, has its own set of pros and cons. A positive aspect of this procedure is the quick cosmetic repair of teeth defects. It takes place during a single visit, and after leaving the dental chair, the patient sees an immediate satisfactory effect.
Dental bonding is beneficial for patients who do not have the time and opportunity to make several visits. Bonding is a simple and affordable procedure, an outstanding solution for achieving attractive teeth with little defects. It is recommended to patients who want to beautify their appearance and polish their teeth.
Dental bonding may be an essential element of orthodontic treatment when altering the occlusal vertical dimension. Many cases require composite tooth reconstruction. As a result of malocclusion, or the defective positioning of the teeth, there is a pathological abrasion and chipping of the tooth surface. Dental bonding can be used as a preparation method for further treatment.
Regarding the disadvantages of the procedure, bonded teeth are not as resistant to discoloration as, for example, prosthetically crowned teeth. The treatment may also be temporary. Over time, teeth can become damaged, discolored, and lose their initial effect. In such cases, the bonding procedure may need to be repeated.
How Long Does The Bonding Effect Last?
The life of composite restorations is estimated to be three to ten years. Bonding is susceptible to external factors, and its aesthetics depend on eating habits and individual characteristics. Certain types of saliva composition, consuming large amounts of colored foods and beverages (green tea, wine, or coffee), can cause dullness and discoloration. Polishing the composites every three months or so may reduce these unpleasant incidents.
How to Take Care of Bonded Teeth
The primary requirement for the positive effects of any dental method, including bonding, is proper oral hygiene. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day or after a meal, floss at least once a day before brushing your teeth, and rinse your teeth with appropriate dental fluids.
Professional dental cleaning twice a year is always recommended, especially if you underwent the bonding procedure. Avoid smoking and consuming excessive amounts of red wine, coffee, and tea.
It is also important to note that teeth whitening should be done prior to the bonding procedure. Since bonded teeth cannot be lightened, the final whitening effect will result in uneven color distribution.
After you have your procedure, avoid putting unnecessary excessive pressure on your teeth. The bonding material can chip.